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Track Orders. Change Language. English Arabic. Important Links. Follow Us. App Download. US UK. Thank you for subscribing! Against this background this paper reports on recent attempts by financial institutions and software developers to develop and employ visualisation techniques in an effort to make sense of market developments and the risks and opportunities they may contain. The turn to new technologies of representation aims not only to enable better visual imagination of and interaction with markets but also to help visualise financial risks. With particular reference to how the visual turn is being employed in the management of financial organisations as such organisations seek to gain a clearer picture of just where the risks are 'hiding', the paper discusses some of the implications of the turn towards visualisation techniques and how consequently contemporary financial market practices and risks might be better understood.
His current research interests focus on the cultural economy of finance and the geographies of money and finance. Papers relating to these interests have been published in journals such as Society and Space, Economy and Society, Urban Studies and Geoforum. He is an editor of the Journal of Cultural Economy. Until recently, doctors have been regulated primarily through professional norms operating both as standards of practice and as a constraint on action, with the law acting as a background threat.
This approach was backed by a state "bargain" where the profession was granted a near-monopoly over the provision of its services, in return for its providing rules of conduct and associated regulatory procedures and processes. Traditionally, virtually unfettered professional discretion has been accorded to the clinician, based on the premise that only qualified members of the profession are capable of setting the appropriate standards, and detecting and assessing defaults from those standards.
This approach can be understood to rely heavily for its effectiveness on individuals internalising and cooperating with the collective norms of the professional group by aligning their individual conduct with the profession's standards. Beginning with the work of Eliot Friedson, sociologists have often been highly sceptical of the claims both of virtue and expertise that secure occupational monopoly and immunity from external scrutiny.
The professional dominance critique is especially critical of the traditional self-regulatory model, arguing that professional interests will tend to be privileged over others.
This unsympathetic analysis of the medical profession's ability to deliver on its responsibilities appears to have had considerable purchase during a series of crises involving doctors in the UK and some other countries in recent years. The crises have been interpreted, in official inquiries and elsewhere, as demonstrating that the existing scheme of professional self-regulation was a vehicle through which the medical profession sought to safeguard its elite status, rather than promoting the safety and well-being of patients.
These criticisms have been mobilised as part of a programme of regulatory reform that destabilises self-regulatory claims both at a corporate level through reform of the General Medical Council and at an individual level through increasing intervention in the mandate of individual practitioners. Such criticisms, combined with institutional pressures towards risk management, have further legitimated the introduction of a range of measures aimed at controlling, directing, and surveillance the practices and conduct of doctors.
In this paper, I explore some of the implications of these efforts at regulating doctors for the custody of virtue, arguing that there are grounds for caution about where and to whom custody is granted. She has particular interests in sociological approaches to quality and safety in healthcare, regulation of health professionals, bioethics, and childhood illness. She has also been involved in the development of methods for inclusion of qualitative research in evidence syntheses. Abstract The shipping industry has been transformed more than any other traditional industry by globalising economic processes and there is now effectively a single global labour market for the world's one million seafarers.
It might be thought a 'critical case' for the effective governance other emerging globalised industries. There is an extensive international regulatory framework embracing UN agencies the International Maritime Organisation, the International Labour Organisation and regional bodies the European Commission, the Paris Memorandum of Understanding on Port-State Control and enforcement has partially embraced a 'smart regulation' approach, seeking to create incentives that encourage operators to take active steps that to comply with international standards.
The paper will draw on an ESRC-funded cross-national UK-India-Russia study of port-State inspections and a current study of seafarer training to list some of the main difficulties in effective global governance of international labour standards. In particular, the paper draws attention to the difficulties consequent to the contracting out of the labour supply, difficulties in local 'regulatory character' and inconsistencies in inspection practices.
He is a sociologist whose interests in risk behaviour have broadened to the governance of risk.
Castle Bravo and its influence on public perception
He was seconded to the International Labour Office's delegation to the Joint Maritime Commission meeting which produced the 'Geneva Accord' on labour standards in the shipping industry. Abstract Recent technological developments have led to the gradual replacement of trading floor transactions with anonymous, online dealing in financial securities. These developments have also brought real-time financial transactions within the reach of non-professional traders. It seems that technological advances are bringing financial markets closer to the normative model as formulated by economics of individual, dispersed agents acting on the basis of the same information as provided by computer screens.
A central question, therefore, is whether online anonymous trading transforms the behaviour of market actors, making them more like calculative agents, who project and evaluate courses of action, develop plans and strategies, taking calculated risks. Such a question is also relevant because more and more non-institutional traders take advantage of electronic trading opportunities, investing their savings in playing the market. Does online trading transform market players into rational, calculative agents?
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How do traders perceive, project, and evaluate risks in electronic trading environments? What are the implications for the increased public engagement with financial trading?
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These questions are examined based on ethnographic observations of concrete trading behaviours in online anonymous markets. The data discussed here is part of an ongoing, ESRC-financed project on the links between action and cognition in online markets. In addition to a book about the emergence of medical knowledge on AIDS, he has authored a number of articles on financial markets technology and behaviour. His current research interest focuses on information, cognition and trading behaviour in online anonymous markets.
Abstract Over the last decade, UK criminal justice policy and practice have been transformed by the focus on risk. During this same period, the UK has experienced a seismic shift with the growth of rights consciousness and claims, the passing of the Human Rights Act , and a deeper culture of rights adjudication. These trends make the management of organisational risk within the criminal justice sector more complex and unpredictable.
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This paper argues that human rights advocates need to engage more closely with the new world of risk and rights. The conventional way of understanding the risk-rights relationship fixates on risk versus rights. This paper argues that human rights needs to find ways to change this frame to risk and rights. Two sub-frames can be suggested: a risk within rights approach which emphasises that the prevention of future harm can be interpreted inside the existing framework of human rights; and a rights as risk approach which emerges from the focus on the management of organisational risk.
Aspects of DNA Damage from Internal Radionuclides
This paper will concentrate on the latter in light of the growing recognition that managing risk means managing the risk of rights. Human rights are a particularly complex organisational risk. They have the potential to disrupt the interests and overall standing of an organisation, not least because they encompass, but are not limited to, legal risk. Furthermore, risks exist in both engaging with, and rejecting, human rights. This paper highlights the range of influences, demands and obligations which have the capacity to lead to the construction of rights as risk, including the way that organisational cultures shape how human rights are interpreted and institutionalised.
He has published on different aspects of UK human rights law and activism. His current research focuses on the co-existence of risk and rights discourses in contemporary criminal justice settings.